Mains Syllabus

General Studies-I:-Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the world and Society
Indian culture wil cover the salient aspects of Arts form, Literature And Architecture from ancient to modern times. Modern India history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-significant events, personalities, issues.
The Freedom Struggle – its various satged and important contributors / contribution From different parts of the country. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution , world wars, redrawal of national boundaries , colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism , capitalism,socialism etc- their forms and effect on the society. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society.
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resoures across the world(including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent) ; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world(including india) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc, geographical features and their location-changes critical geographical features(including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies-II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure , devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. Parliament and State Legislatures- structure functioning, conduct of business, power & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government ; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Salient features of the representation of people’s Act. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, power, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising and implemention.
Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of population by the center and states and performance of these schemes ; mechanisms laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issue relating to development and management of Social Sector /Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- application, models, successes, limitations, and potential ; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighbourhood-relations. important International instutions, agencies and for a- their structure, mandate.
Effects of policies and politics of developed and developing countries of India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc, geographical features and their location-changes critical geographical features(including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies-III: Technology,Economic development,Bio diversity,Environment,Security and Disaster management
Indian economy and issues relating to planning ,mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment . Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation systems storage transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints ; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices ; public distribution system- objectives , functioning, limitation, revamping ; issues of bufferv stocks and food security ; technology missions ; economics of animal- rearing. Food processing and related industries in india - scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in india. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial growth.
Infrastructure: energy ; ports, roads, airports, railways etc. Investmentment models.
Achievements of indians in science & technology ; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the field of IT ,Space computers robotics nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental, impact assessment .
Disaster and disaster management. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges of internal security through communication networks ,role of media and social networks,role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,basics of cyber security ; money-laundering and its prevention.
Security challenges and their management in border areas ; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various security forces and agencies and their mandate.
General studies – IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidate,attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity,probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and human interface ; essence,determinants and consequences of ethics in human actions ; dimensions of ethics ; ethics in private and public relationships.Human values-lessons From the lives and teachings of great leaders,reformers and administrators ; role of family,society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function ; its influence and relation with thought and behavior ; moral and political attitudes ; social influence and persuasion. Aptitude and foundational values for civil services, integrity, impartiality, and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
Emotional intelligence – concept,and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contribution of moral thinkers and philosophers from india and world.
Public / Civil service values and ethics in public administration : status and problems : ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions ; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance ; accountability and ethical governance : strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance ; ethical issues in international relations and funding ; corporate governance. Probity in governance : concept of public services ; philosophical basis of governance and probity ; information sharing and transparency in government, right to information, codes of ethics, Codes of conduct, citizen’s charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on above issues.